How to Use Google Scholar to Search Scholarly Literature



How to Use Google Scholar to Search Scholarly Literature

Google scholar is a tool for searching academic literature, including articles, full-text, theses, and books. It also offers access to case law.

Use search terms that are specific to your topic. Multiword concepts can be confusing and limit results. For example, search for alternative medicine rather than just medicine.

Clicking the “cited by” link next to an article can display a list of other papers that cite it. This can save time when researching a new topic.


Using the correct keywords in google scholar is essential to get the best results. The best way to do this is to use quotation marks around the keywords you are searching for. This will ensure that Google Scholar searches for an exact match and avoids returning irrelevant information. Also, it is important to search for phrases rather than individual words. This will help you find more relevant results and save you time.

To create a search, type your keyword or phrase into the Google Scholar search box, then click “Submit.” You can also specify whether you want to include academic journals, books, or conferences in your search. You can also filter your search by limiting the number of articles to display or the date range. You can even narrow your search to a specific institution.

When a query is submitted, Google Scholar crawls and indexes all the available articles on the topic in its database. This includes specialized bibliographic databases such as OCLC’s Open WorldCat and the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed. It has also entered into many individual agreements with publishers to index their full-text content.

Although the Google Scholar service is free to use, you may need to log in with your library card or university account to access some content. Google’s parent company has typically been coy about revealing any details on the source content or relevance algorithms of Scholar. This has led to questions about whether it is truly a trustworthy academic search engine.

If you are searching for a particular work, try using its title and authors. You can also explore related papers by clicking on the “Related Articles” or “Cited by” links. These will often provide more general answers to your questions.

Often, the first search results will be from well-established publications with high citation counts. This can be frustrating if you are looking for newer or lesser-known work. To overcome this problem, you can use a free tool called ExCitation. It can help you find quality sources in a shorter time, identify leading studies, and preview abstracts. The tool uses natural language processing to understand what you mean by your search terms.


Finding scholarly articles on traditional search engines can be like searching for a needle in a haystack. Google Scholar focuses on returning results that are more likely to be relevant and useful for academic research. It also enables users to narrow their search by author, publication, and date. This allows researchers to more accurately pinpoint the content they need.

Google Scholar identifies almost every scholarly article available in suitable publishing formats on the Internet. Its citation database is regularly updated as new publications are discovered. This makes it possible for authors to keep a record of all the articles they have published and to be recognized for their work. Google also provides tools to allow authors to create a list of cited works that can be accessed by others.

In the results list for an item, a “Cited by” link indicates how many other works have been cited by this article. This number may include duplicate entries. Clicking the link will display a list of citing articles. You can also see how often an item has been cited on the item’s page within Google Scholar. This information can help you determine the relevance of a particular article or journal.

Citations in Google Scholar include journal articles, books, book reviews, and conference proceedings. These citations can be clicked to view the full text of the article. They will usually be presented in either PDF or HTML format. The article may be available to you for free, or it may require a subscription to a library database. In this case, you will be able to access the full text through your library’s web site or through their subscription databases.

In addition to displaying citations, Google Scholar also provides links to versions of the article in different formats. For example, the APA, MLA, Chicago, and Harvard formats are displayed. These links can be copied and pasted into a document or used to create a BibTeX or RIS file for import into a reference management tool. A BibTeX or RIS file can then be used to create a bibliography in any format.

Citation generator

The Google Scholar search index contains scholarly literature from many sources, including academic publishers, professional societies, and online repositories. The search engine uses automated software, called web crawlers or spiders, to discover and record bibliographic data from these sources. It then ranks results using a combination of factors. While it does not always provide the latest research, it can give you a good idea of what researchers are thinking. You can narrow your search by using the advanced search options or by searching for a specific author or publication.

It is also helpful to use the citation generator feature in Google Scholar to save and keep track of articles you find. This tool allows you to create a citation in your preferred style (APA, MLA, or Chicago) by clicking on the cite button presented below an article’s entry. Google Scholar can interoperate with BibTeX, EndNote, and RefWorks, so you can easily link the works you find to your citation management system.

One of the most useful features of Google Scholar is its ability to display full-text papers. These articles can be viewed in PDF or HTML format. Some may require a subscription to the journal. You can also view documents in other languages.

You can also get a more comprehensive view of the research in your field by accessing an article’s references section. Often, the authors will include the names of publications they consulted in their research. You can also gain insight into an author’s areas of expertise by visiting their profile in Google Scholar.

Google Scholar can also help you navigate the world of scholarly research by providing a number of free tools. For example, you can see how your search terms are used by other researchers, and even create alerts to be notified when new research on a particular topic is added to the database.

In addition to these free resources, scholars can also create profiles to showcase their work and citations. This can help them build a network of colleagues and find collaborators. In addition, many universities integrate Google Scholar into their search systems. This allows students to search for and access articles that are not available through the library.


Google Scholar is a search engine that specializes in academic research. It provides a wide variety of search options, including articles in multiple languages and full-text papers. It also offers advanced search tools that can help you narrow your results. In addition, you can create alerts based on specific authors, publications or keywords. This will ensure you receive updates about new research in your field.

Creating an account with Google Scholar takes just minutes. Once you have an account, you can set up an author profile that includes citation metrics. You can choose to have these metrics updated automatically, or you can update them manually. You can also add a photo to your profile. Once you have a profile, you can view your citation metrics in Google Scholar. You can also add a link to your website or blog.

The main advantage of Google Scholar is that it is free to use and it is based on a familiar Google interface. However, Google Scholar does not include all published academic work. Most journals do not publish their work on Google Scholar, and even those that do are not always indexed in it.

You can search Google Scholar for your favorite authors, journals or keywords. You can also create alerts and save search results to your library. You can also find helpful resources and search tips on the Google Scholar help page.

When searching, be sure to use the right keywords. This will help you find the most relevant results and save time. Google Scholar searches are a great way to discover new works in your field, and can be used to identify potential collaborators. You can also check out the References section to see which sources an article cites.

If you want to find more specific information, try using the Advanced Search options in the menu bar at the top of the page. You can select a language, limit the number of hits, and set a date range. You can also filter by a journal’s impact factor or h index. You can also choose to limit your search to a specific article type, such as book chapters or conference proceedings.

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